Raspberry Pi I2C Temperature Sensor
Atlas Scientific Temperature Sensor
There are several temperature sensors that are available for your Raspberry Pi one of the most popular being the DS18B20, however if you are looking for an I2C connected temperature sensor then the Atlas Scientific RTD Temperature sensor is an excellent option. If your project already involves the use of other I2C sensors then this can be easily added in parallel without using any additional GPIO pins on your Pi. This sensor also provides on board logging capabilities and provides readouts in either Celsius, Fahrenheit or Kelvin, with the addition of a thermowell you will be able to insert your temperature probe into your plumbing.
To configure the RPi I am assuming that you are running the latest version of Raspian and have the ability to connect to your Pi either through SSH with putty and FTP with filezilla, or directly with a keyboard and monitor, if you haven’t set-up your RPi yet then check out my getting started section.
The first thing we need to do is enable the I2C modules on the RPi. This is done by entering the following at the command prompt to start the configuration tool.
select option 9 – Advanced Options
select option A7 – I2C
select “Yes” for all the questions and reboot the RPi
After the reboot connect to the command prompt and enter
This should produce the following without the sensor attached.
Now that we have our I2C module working correctly we can go ahead and connect our temperature sensor. The following materials will be needed to get started:
- Raspberry Pi
- Atlas Scientific Temperature sensor kit
- Jumper Wires
When describing the physical pin connections I will be following the GPIO pin numbering convention show below.
Firstly we need to get the temperature circuit into the correct mode, when delivered the temperature circuit will be in UART (serial) mode, the temperature circuit has to be manually switched from UART mode, to I2C mode. When this is done the temperature circuit will have its I2C address set to 102 (0x66).
Using your breadboard perform the following actions
- Cut the power to the device
- Disconnect any jumper wires going from TX and RX to the RPi
- Short the PGND pin to the TX pin
- Power the device
- Wait for LED to change from Green to Blue
- Remove the short from the probe pin to the TX pin
- Power cycle the device
The device is now I2C mode.
The RPi and temperature circuit are now configured so we can go ahead and connect it all together
Assuming that all of the parts are now mounted on your breadboard
- Connect the GND pin of the temperature circuit to the ground pin of your RPi.
- Connect the TX(SDA) pin to GPIO pin 2.
- Connect the RX(SCL) pin to GPIO pin 3.Do Not Use jumper wires for these connections or your readings will not be accurate.
- The PRB and PGND pins should be connected via your breadboard to the centre and shield pins of your BNC connector.
- Finally power your temperature circuit by connecting the Vcc pin to the +3.3V pin.
You can now run a quick test to prove that we are setup correctly, from the command prompt enter the following:
you should see the following response, if not then check you connections, ensure the light on the temperature circuit is blue and reboot your RPi.
In the image above I have 4 sensors connected to my RPi, the Temperature sensor connection is indicated by Hex value 66. The factory preset address for the pH sensor is 102 or 66 in hexadecimal as mentioned above, if you have more than 1 temperature circuit connected then you will need to specify a different value. To do this we need to add some python code to our RPi.
Atlas Scientific provide the python code that I will be using here for interfacing with the temperature circuit.
We start by importing the required python modules
Next we add the class code to interface with the temperature circuit (or any other Atlas Scientific circuit for that matter)
Finally we will add our main program
All of this python code is available for both 2.x and 3.x on my HydroPi GitHub repository.
We now transfer our code to our chosen folder on the RPi using an FTP client and then run the program.
The screenshot above shows that we are ready to start sending commands to our temperature circuit, to confirm that sensor is now fully functioning we will enter the following command
This will poll the sensor every 2 seconds and return the result until a ctrl-c command is entered as shown below, to stop the program enter ctrl-c again.
With the sensor now working there are also a series of other commands that we now have available to us to configure our probe. Above I have shown how to change the reading from Celsius to Fahrenheit.
Enable/disable the LED on the Temperature circuit:
L,1 - LED enable
L,0 - LED disable
L,? - Query the LED
Set the temperature scale required for output:
S,C - Sets the output of the sensor to Celsius (Default)
S,F - Sets the output of the sensor to Fahrenheit
S,K - Sets the output of the sensor to Kelvin
S,? - Queries the output temperature scale.
Take a single reading:
R - Returns a single result
The temperature circuit can be calibrated using a single point calibration. While this is possible RTD temperature senors have very predictable behaviour at varying temperatures, because of this fact calibration is not absolutely required.
Cal,n - Where n is any
Cal,clear - Clears all calibration data
Cal,? - Query the calibration
Circuit Address Change:
I2c,n - n is the new decimal address
Changes to the address of the circuit will cause a loss of connectivity until the python script is restarted with the new address.
Info, Status, Low Power and Factory Reset:
I - Device information
STATUS - Reports reason for last reboot and Vcc voltage
FACTORY - Factory reset. This will not change the communications protocol back to UART.
SLEEP - Enter low power sleep state.
The Temperature sensor circuit also provides for some additional settings that allow for the use of it’s internal data logger (up to 50 readings) and the protocol lock feature. For more information on configuration of the temperature circuit read this.
There we have it, you have now configured your RPi to interface with the Atlas Scientific Temperature Sensor.
Any thought’s, improvements or errors let me know in the comments below.